Comic of carbon dating circular reasoning

However, many Egyptologists have taken a different approach.

They claim that the Torah was composed 8-10 centuries after the Exodus and the "Biblical author(s)" had no idea what was going on in ancient Egypt.

The image of the great stone sphinx guarding the lofty pyramiding tombs of the mummified pharaohs, as the once all-powerful king journeyed through the world of darkness, adds to the mysterious lure of ancient Egypt.

Over 100,000 books have been written on this inscrutable land and its pharaohs, the first one being composed over 2000 years ago.

It seems that most are devoted to big-money donations.

The western world has a fascination with the culture of ancient Egypt.

Much of the first two books of the Torah takes place in Egypt.

[1] The experience of the Israelites in Egypt is so important to the centrality of Judaism that the Exodus from Egypt is mentioned in the very opening of the Ten Commandments.

This has lead many, such as Egyptologist Donald Redford of Pennsylvania State University to disparagingly claim, "The Hebrew writer (of the Bible) was not so well acquainted with Egypt as has often been imagined." [2] For us, the lack of cultural references is quite understandable because the Torah is neither a history book nor an anthropological record of ancient societies but rather it is a guide for everyday life based on human nature and the spiritual loftiness of the Jewish soul and these elements are timeless.

Due to the false accusations of Potiphar's wife, Joseph was thrown into a prison.

The concept of imprisonment was not widespread in the ancient world of the early Biblical era.

It later tells us that Joseph's wife's name was Asenath (Genesis ).

These were in fact Egyptian names in use in Egypt during the time of Joseph, though they were quite unusual and later fell into disuse.

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