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For the theoretical study of some problems of Latin Syntax HAASE'S Vorlesungen uber lateinische Sprachwissenschaft (1880) should not be overlooked. Otherwise we have followed in the main BRAM imaginis, nominis, imaginl, nomini, imaginem, nomen, imago, nomen, imagine, nomine, imagines, nomina, imaginum, nominum, imaginibus, nominibus, imagines, nomina, imagines, nomina, imaginibus. Since the appearance of the second edition of SCHMALZ, in 1890, considerable progress has been made in the various journals and other publications, as may be seen from DEECKE'S summary in BURSIAN'S Jahresbericht for 1893. and xi.) ; HALE'S articles on the Sequence of Tenses in the A. For the accentuation and pronunciation of Latin we have also CORSSEN'S Aussprache, Vocalismus und Betonung der lateinischen Sprache (1868, 1870), and SEELMANN'S Die Aussprache des Latein (1885). The question of the correct measurement of hidden quantities is still an unsettled one in Latin ; for the sake of consistency the usage of MARX, Hulfsbuchlein fur die Aussprache der lateinischen Vokale in positionslangen Silben (2d edition, 1889) has been followed. -ar,-(tris: salar, trout ; proper names like Caesar, Hamilcar; the neuters baccar, a plant ; iubar, radiance ; nectar, nectar. -er -ris : four words, accipiter, hawk ; frater, brother ; mater, mother ; pater, father. -or, -oris : very many abstract words, as amor, love; color, colour; clamor, outcry ; soror, sister ; uxor, wife ; these may come from stems in 5s (see 47, 4) ; also verbals in -tor, as victor. -ur, -uris : augur, augur ; furfur, bran ; turtur, dove ; vultur, vulture; lemures (pi.), ghosts, and a few proper names ; also the neuters fulgur, lightning ; guttur, throat ; murmur, murmur ; sulfur, sulphur. in -oris ; two of these, femur, iecur, have also the irregular forms feminis and iecineris, iecinoris, iocinoris. For the Etymology we must refer to BUCHELER'S Grundriss der lateinischen Declination (3d edition, by WINDEKILDE, 1879) and to SCHWEIZER-SIDLER'S Lateinische Grammatik (1888) ; also to many articles in various journals, most of which are given by STOLZ. The quotations have been made throughout from the Teubner Text editions except as follows : Plautus is cited from the Triumvirate edition of RITSCHL ; Vergil from the Editio Maior of RIBBECK ; Ovid and Terence from the Tauchnitz Texts ; Horace from the Editio Minor of KELLER and HOLDER ; Lucretius from the edition of MUNRO; Ennius and Lucilius from the editions of L. Also some proper names, as Di Sspiter, Falacer, and the names of the months, September, October, November, December. Every effort has been made to incorporate in this grammar the main results of these studies as far as practicable. We may also draw attention to the following important articles, among others, some of which are mentioned in the books above referred to : WOLFFLIN'S numerous articles in the Archiv ; THIELMANN'S articles in the Archiv on hab Sre with Perfect Participle Passive, and on the Reciprocal Relation ; LANDGRAF'S articles on the Figura Etymologica, in the second volume of the Acta Seminarii Erlangensis, and on the Future Participle and the Final Dative, in the Archiv; BALE'S treatise on The Cum Constructions, attacking the theories of HOFFMANN (Latein- ische Zeitpartikeln, 1874) and LUBBERT (Die Syntax von Quom, 1869), PREFACE. -nx, -nds : lanx, dish ; compounds of -uux, as quincunx, and a few names of animals ; phalanx has G. -as, -atis : many feminine abstracts, as aetas, age ; some proper names, as Maecenas.
telluris), which is femi- nine ; and the masculines, lepus, hare (G.
Feminine are arbor, tree ; mulier, woman ; soror, sister ; uzor, wife. The Nominative has no additional s, and changes in masculines e to i, and in neuters e or o to u before s. by compensatory lengthening), and some of its compounds (with change of vowel), as bes, semis. i), pulvis (occasionally pulvis), dust; v Gmia, plough- share (see 45, R. -us, -eris : Venus, and occasionally plgnus, pledge (see 4).
Masculine are salar, trout, and proper names in -ar ; augur, augur ; furfur, bran ; names of animals in -ur and a few proper names in -ur. -as, -assis : as (m.), a copper (vowel long in Nom. -is, -eris : cinis, ashes; cucumis, cucumber (see 57, R. -us, -oris : corpus, body ; decus, grace ; pignus, pledge, and twelve others ; on robus (see 45, R.
In the syntax nearly everything that pertains to the history of usage has been brought together by Professor LODGE ; but for all deviations from the theory of former editions we bear a joint responsibility. the Erlduterungen zur lateinischen Grammatik of DEECKE (1893). and f.), apple ; vesper, evening (68, 10) ; v Smer, ploughshare (47 , 2).
A manual that has held its place, however modest, for more than a quarter of a century, hardly needs an elaborate exposition of the methods followed ; but as the new gram- mar embraces a multitude of details that were not taken up in the old grammar, it has been thought fit that Pro- fessor LODGE should indicate the sources of the notes with which he has enriched the original work. Many matters of importance both in Etymology and Syntax are treated in the Archiv fur lateinische Lexicographie, and the construc- tions with individual words are often well discussed in KEEBS' Anti- barbarus der lateinischen Sprache (6th edition, by SCHMALZ, 1886). In the matter of the order of words we have followed WEIL'S treatise on the Order of Words, translated by SUPER (1887). The neuters acer, maple; cadaver, dead body ; cicer, pea ; laser, a plant ; laver, a plant ; papaver, poppy ; piper, pepper ; slier, willow ; siser, skirret ; suber, cork ; tuber, tumor ; fiber, teat ; [verber], thong. -or, -oris : arbor (f.), tree (stem originally in -os) ; some Greek words in -tor, as rhetor, rhetorician ; slave names in -por, as Marcipor ; the neuters : ador, spelt ; aequor, sea ; marmor, marble. Four neuters, ebur, ivory ; femur, thigh ; iecur, liver ; robur, oak, show Gen.